Impact of Covid 19 on Malaysia




The COVID-19 epidemic has turned into a health, economic, and humanitarian crisis at an unprecedented rate. The situation in Malaysia is reinforced by the fact that the Government came into power only at the beginning of March 2020 and is already facing a major debt crisis, financial crisis, falling oil prices and the effects of trade and tourism conflicts since the global closure. Prior to the epidemic, Government gained international recognition for its efforts in the field of testing, contact tracking, isolation, and treatment, while keeping first responders safe and providing reliable information and advice to the public. Daily updated information on the numbers and rates of infection, mortality and detection and identification of progress in tracking ‘tropical areas’ on curve slopes’. In violation of the ban on movement and communication, the Government imposed a Movement Control Order (MCO) commencing on March 18 and extended to 12 May 2020.

The MCO has placed orders for residential accommodation, restricted foreign activities that included travel and closed all businesses except for a few key services and natural resources sectors. The decision to freely reduce regulations on May 4, 2020 under the Movement Control Order (CMCO) has raised concerns that this could lead to another infection. On June 9, the CMCO was decided to expand, allowing nearly all economic and social activity, but only under the rigorous health and safety requirements of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Shutting down becomes an economic catastrophe ahead of the economic collapse.

The economy is struggling to cope with the negative impact on jobs, finances and health, disrupting purchases and boosting businesses, and health, disrupting supply chains and pre-existing businesses, and increasing inequality, poverty and hardship, especially for the most vulnerable.

The government has made a number of economic stimulus measures aimed at “maintaining the welfare of the rakyat, supporting businesses and strengthening the economy”. Announcing the Prihatin Rakyat (People’s Care) package on March 27, 2020, the Prime Minister emphasized that “no one will be left behind.” On April 6, 2020, the Prime Minister announced an additional package designed to support small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and small businesses that, according to him, account for two thirds of the workforce and 40 percent of the economy.


A complete package of Prihatin stimulus reaches Malaysia’s 260 billion ringgit. A key challenge, however, is how different approaches will be delivered to reach those most in need and whether they will provide the expected care in the near future and promote economic and employment for ‘better recovery’ in the long run. In support of the Malaysian Government’s efforts to address the social and economic impacts of COVID-19, this paper combines data and information to serve as a basis and identification of those most vulnerable and in need of workers and businesses, so that their specific strengths and weaknesses can be considered.


Within the United Nations Development Program (UNDS), the International Labor Organization (ILO) is well positioned in terms of its expertise and experience and its standard standards to provide policy guidance to protect high-risk workers and support businesses. The policy guideline distinguishes between the short term and the long term. Looking ahead, it focuses on what is needed to ‘recover and rebuild better’ and meet the country’s commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.


Malaysia’s Movement Control Order (MCO) announced by Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin last month was extended to April 14, making the MCO a long-running issue for the Malaysian people.


During his first month in office, the new Prime Minister had to make difficult, but necessary calls to protect the lives of his people, while simultaneously declaring economic resources to address the effects from a month-long stand to trade-critical services.


Despite the obvious economic consequences, the hard reality is that there are no effective government solutions around the world that fight the spread of COVID-19. The epidemic has put decision makers in an unprecedented environment – they have now been shot and gone through short-term hardships, or are at risk of long-term economic consequences working with an invisible killer.


This week, the Malaysian government announced a number of financial incentives to reduce the immediate impact from the MCO, on individuals and businesses alike. Home and car loans and business finance were given the opportunity to repay themselves for six months of residence, and those who qualify are also allowed to withdraw their early retirement savings. While the direct benefits are obvious, they also do well to maintain social justice during those difficult times.


Despite some criticisms, it was probably the best economic balance based on stable oil prices and a thriving manufacturing and service sector. With limited resources and increasing pressure to achieve national budget balance, both government and citizens need to step in to ensure that long-term impacts are maintained.


However, these difficulties have also exposed the true spirit of the Malaysian people.


According to a positive note, in areas where internet access is available, Malaysians immediately agree to a sudden travel restriction.


Many companies conduct business as usual – online meetings, sales, management, and many services have moved online, making full use of teleconferencing technology provided free of charge by companies such as Google and Zoom during the COVID-19 disaster.


This is the good news that is most needed when certain sectors have found ways to move forward without much government assistance, allowing essential resources to be sent to those who really need them in this time of uncertainty.


Perhaps the biggest lesson we have learned is the need for increased detection technology, in the event of a prolonged or repeated recurrence. The worst hit are the manufacturing sector and industries that rely on human presence there, such as tourism and events.


While automation or virtual technology creates alternatives for manufacturers and consumers alike, previous social norms forced lower market acceptance to make these technologies more commercially viable.


The future for hard-working countries


In common hard-working countries like Malaysia, the coronavirus component should give impetus to the industry to accelerate its adoption of automation and new manufacturing technologies. The country has recognized the importance of automation through policies such as the National Industrial Policy 4.0 announced last year, and COVID-19 has already emerged as a powerful study on the use of connected technologies across all sectors.


While there is fear in the automotive sector, the general feeling is that there is no cause to panic at this time. While Europe is still dealing with the effects of the coronavirus outbreak, China and South Korea have showed signs of curbing the virus’s outbreaks.


In China, the provinces of Hubei and Wuhan have begun to remove tourism restrictions, which is a sign of China’s hope for a successful coronavirus curve – which will signal the resumption of business with one of Asia Pacific’s biggest partners in the automotive sector.


In the meantime, Malaysia’s priorities are clear. We have seen two possible outcomes – bending as China and South Korea appear to have made, or delaying decisions and increasing the spread of Italy and Spain.


For the first time – government officials, lawmakers, private companies, and individuals and their children – are spreading the message of homelessness, while heavily supporting health officials in achieving the most important, breaking the law of the coronavirus and restoring the economy to normalcy.


The virus, no matter how fearsome, may infect Malaysia more than ever.


Also, as we begin the month that Malaya gained its independence 64 years ago, the release of the Malaysian Voluntary National Review (VNR) 2021 report is timely.

The report, published once every four years, records our progress in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In its 2021 report, VNR brings both good and bad news to many areas, including total poverty.


There is no denying that Covid-19 has had a significant impact on our people from all four corners of our nation last year, with the latest data from the Malaysian Ministry of Statistics showing that the epidemic has completely reversed poverty reduction, bringing it to 8.4% by 2020.


The lines of people waiting for food aid and the “white flag” movement surrounding the internet are indications that more needs to be done to ensure that Malaysians have equal access to the economy and quality of life by the end of the decade.


While Malaysia is one of the fastest growing economies in modern history, low purchasing power and high cost of living, segregated social protection, challenges to accessing critical technology, and lack of skills for a growing economy and low-income education are some of the challenges that need to be addressed. Of people and injustice.


The revised national poverty line (PLI), revised in 2019 to ensure that poverty rates are in line with social and economic development in Malaysia, saw an increase in PLI from RM980 in 2016 to RM2,208 in 2019. This includes all sections of the community at risk as the minimum wage is currently RM1,200 and is affecting the next generation from higher education and nutrition.


The VNR 2021 report recorded an increase in the number of children from poor families due to increased unemployment and inefficiency combined with inadequate social protection. Malnutrition has also increased due to growing poverty, and school closures have made it even worse as children from poor families have no access to the Supplementary Food Program. Currently, about half a million schoolchildren from low-income homes are provided with extra school meals.


In addition, the closure of schools across the country will have a negative impact on their learning progress. Children’s ability to learn through e-learning or online classes is limited, largely due to the lack of affordable information and communication technology (ICT) devices and internet connections.


While we may not know the full impact of Covid-19 on infant nutrition and the state of mental development until later, VNR found that most children under the age of five are overweight, with an increase from 12.4% in 2015 to 14.1% in -2019 and the prevalence of disability in children under the age of five continues to increase, from 17.7% in 2015 to 21.8% in 2019.


This needs to be reversed as we have a responsibility to ensure that all our children have the right to quality food, education, health care and health care.


The strategy presented by Wawasan Kemakmuran Bersama 2030, assisted by Dasar Sain, Teknologi dan Inovasi Negara (DSTIN) 2021-2030 and the 10-10 framework of Malaysian Science, Technology, Innovation dan Economy (MySTIE), provides guidance for our people that they can only build a better life for themselves. And their children but also help take our country to the next step of his journey at the end of the decade.


Science, technology and new technologies (STIs) will need to be the way forward for Malaysia and Malaysia to break new barriers and close the gap between people and communities with diverse socio-economic conditions, and to ensure that poverty is eradicated.


With the release of 5G, more homes will be able to use modern technology and learning platforms to use their creative power, improve their lives and improve their global competitiveness. Inexpensive access to the global information highway is very important for children, especially those from vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, as it will enable them to access much-needed information and skills sets in their homes.


A simple “click” on the children’s highway of information will lead to a “huge explosion” in empowering them to access information that will improve their lives and the next generation.


Affordable access to a global digital network for our employees and firms, especially our small and medium enterprises, will be crucial for them to increase their global competitiveness and help them break free from this vicious cycle of poverty.


With the widespread adoption of sexually transmitted diseases, less expensive shopping solutions can also be developed over the next decade and empower the development of home-based strategies, products and services, all of which will develop new knowledgeable industries and more lucrative jobs. Malaysian.


STI will play a role in transforming “old 5D jobs” (dirty, dangerous, difficult, demanding and frustrating) into “new 5D jobs” (digital, data driven, designers, developers and acquirers).


One area where STIs will play a key role in agricultural transformation. With the widespread adoption of smart farming methods and precision methods, not only will the productivity of the sector be improved but better job opportunities and higher productivity for farmers can be achieved.


This change will be a major factor in attracting the next generation of workers to the next generation of technology and lifting more families out of poverty or poverty to build a society that meets the basic needs of the 21st century.


While things may seem uncertain now, the future is ripe for the promise that all Malaysians will work in the spirit of muhibbah to build a system of natural science, technology, technology and economics (STIE), to address the challenges facing the nation now and in the years to come. And development.


STIE’s strong environmental plan will not only empower the nation to deal with the current health crisis and economic risk, but will also take precautionary measures to better protect the economy from future health floods and global market uncertainties.